Grants And Deeds
South Carolina Colonial Land Policies, adopted in 1730, were found recorded in a book by the same title, written by Robert K. Ackerman and published by University of South Carolina Press in 1977. On page 65, at the top of the page, it stated that 50 acres for each person was the standing policy. The Governor and Counsel did make some exceptions. This means if a man was married and had one child, he could receive 150 acres. It was also noted in Mr. Ackerman's book that new townships were to be established on the Carolina rivers, all to be at least 60 miles from Charleston.
John Shoemake - It is recorded that John received a land grant from the King of England on March 11, 1767.. He received 150 acres that was situated on Deep Creek, in Craven County. (See Book 3, B. Page 183 S.C. Archives) This would indicate he was married and had one child.
Blackley Shoemake - was issued a Royal Land Grant from the King of England for 200 acres situated near Rocky Creek, in the Chesterfield County area on February 22, 1771 (See Bk. 3 G. Page 281 S.C. Archives) At the time of the issue the area was in Craven County near Lynches Creek. This would indicate that he was married and had 2 children. Blackley Shoemake - (The name now appears as Blackley, an extra "e" has been added, and Shoemake, the "mack" now being changed to "make"). Blackely is issued 1,000 acres in the District of Cheraw, county of Chesterfield, on the Great Black Creek and Great and Little Rattle Snake Branches. The land was bordered by land owned by John Truberville.
CENSUS ROLL---Mrs.Jenne Waters Strong records in her book
Our Shoemake Roots regarding the 1790 Census of the Cheraws District
(Chesterfield County) South Carolina that Blackley Shoemake was
listed living near his mother, Lucy. His household contained
Samuel Shuemake, Jr (or II) was issued a land grant for 100 acres situated in Craven County on Thompson Creek. This was done on January 17, 1772. (This was a Royal Land Grant issued by King George of England. See book 3, B, page 183 S. C. Archives at Columbia, S. C.). This would indicate that he was married but had no children at this time.
Moses Shoemake was issued a State Land Grant from the State of S.C. in the District of Cheraw on Indian Creek on January 21, 1786 he received 150 acres. (This too is recorded in the Record Book for State Land Grants at the State Archives in Columbia, S.C. Volume 11 p. 155). This would indicate that he was married and had one child. Copy of the Land Grant below:
The bottom photo, the upper portion, that is shown above
is the survey of the land described on the Land Grant. It was surveyed
on the 22 day of June, 1784. It is recorded in the Archives, S.C., State
Plats, Volume 3Q, p. 170
Samuel Shoemake (The name has now changed as was Blackley's). He is issued 300 acres of land in Chesterfield County, S.C., on the waters of Juniper Creek. The grant was made on May 2, 1791. (This was a state land grant).
Moses Shoemake was issued another parcel of land. The property was surveyed on March 6, 1793 (Reference - S.C. State Archives, State Plates, Vol., 31Q, Page 541) in the Cheraw District in Chesterfield County on the Mountain Prong of Bear Creek. Later records were found showing that John Edward Shoemake owned land on the Mountain Prong of Bear Creek. At this time I can not say that this was some of the same property contained in the Land grant to Moses. However, this John Edward would have been a great grandson to Moses. Below, in the bottom section, is a survey the additional land acquired by Moses
On April 10, 1818, Abijah Shoemake is shown living in Chesterfield County, S.C., but he buys 450 acres of land in Darlington, a joining county. He bought the land from Phillip Pitman. (See Book G, page 165B, Darlington County, S.C.). On August 11, 1819, Abijah along with Mary Jones sign as witnesses on a deed made to a J.W. Godwin. (See G. P. 346)
John Edward Shoemake, (son of George Washington, Son of Moses Jr., Son of Moses Sr., son of Samuel Shoemake, Sr., son of John De La Chaumette of Virginia). I visited John Edward's home place with a distant cousin Lonnie Shoemake. Lonnie lived near the home place and the Mountain Prong ran a small distance behind his home. On this occasion I had the opportunity to see the Mountain Prong of Bear Creek listed in the survey to Moses, Sr.
*Land records of Darlington County show a William Shoemake, not married at the time, issuing a deed for 1,500 acres of land in payment to him for $6,000, to Manuel Maren. This transaction was done on December 30, 1865. I did not find a record where Enoch bought the land, so he must have inherited it. From whom, I do not know at the time of this writing.
*On January 21, 1881 when William and Tempy Shoemake sold 50 acres pf land to George Blackwell, they both signed the deed with their mark, "X". When William sold the 1,500 acres, he signed by his "Mark". They could not read or write. This being the case, I can understand how they could very in giving their ages over a 30 year period. I have a copy of this deed in hand. (Deed Book A page 172 Chesterfield County).
Land Records show that Warren Shoemake purchased 126 acres of land in Darlington County from Abel S. Jones (Bk. BB page 477) on January 22, 1870. In 1877 Warren's wife's name appears to be Mary Walters, for she is listed by that name on a deed that she and Warren made for the sale of land. However, she signed as Mary J. Shoemake On February 14, 1880, it is recorded that Mary J. Shoemake bought 245 acres of land from Calvin Rhodes ( Deed Bk. 6, page 405, Darlington County). On December 7, 1888, a Williams S. Shoemake, Warren's son, bought 30 acres of land from Mary J. Shoemake, his mother.
NOTE: On July 12, 2000, Horace F. Rudisill, Darlington County Historian, sent to me a document, a page from a record book, page 336, Table No. 22-Continued, Darlington County, showing that Warren Shoemaker (Shoemake) was admitted to a Lunatic Asylum on May 10, 1881. The order was signed by the Probate Judge. This could explain why Warren's name no longer appears on any document. I did not find his name on any future census.
In Deed Book 6, page 524, it is recorded that Mary J. Shoemake gave to Queeney V. King 40 acres of land on March 1, 1889. The deed was witnessed by J.W. Derey, and Hugh Walters, (believed to be Mary's father or brother). Mary J. signed by her mark, (X). All indications are that William King's land bordered a section of land sold by Calvin Rhodes on the east, James Keller on the north, and Bob Walters, Warren Shoemake and John D. Starrell on the west, and J.W. Terry on the south. The deed made by Calvin Rhodes to Mary J. Shoemake was dated on December 4, 1888.
On December 4, 1888, Mary J. Shoemake made a deed to William S. Shoemake for 245 acres of land. (Book 12, page 647). Again Mary signed by her mark, (X).
On November 27, 1894, Mary J. Shoemake sold to
William C. Stokes, one square acre of land in Darlington County, (Book
12, page 647). The deed was witnessed by J.W. Terry and H. G. Walters.
William S. Shoemake, his wife being Winnie, sold to William C. Stokes
30 acres of land on May 9, 1891, (Book 13, page 70).
Samuel Shoemake, Sr. [I], father of the four Shoemake boys previously mentioned was the son of John de la Chaumette who left France about 1685 and went to London, then later on to Martinque, then Virginia. He first shows up in Stafford County in 1723 when he bought land from William Allen. On the deed his name appeared as John Dila Shumate. There is printed material although not in my hands, that the name John di la Chaumette (Changed when coming to America to Shumate) had four sons: Antoine, born about 1715; Samuel, born about 1710; Daniel, born about 1712; and John Jr., born about 1709.
It is reported that Samuel Sr., married Lucy Blackley (Blackli or Blackwell) in Stafford County in 1730-31. Their children were John; Blackley; Samuel (II) and Moses.
NOTATION: The following information was taken from "The Shoemaker Pioneers" written by Benjamine Shoemaker, Jr. of Philadelphia, Pa. "The early tax list of Goochland County, VA list, in 1746, Samuel Shewmate; in 1748 Samuel Shumake; in 1749 Samuel Shoemat." As one can see it is the same person, but the tax recorder spelled the name different each time. Maybe there was a different recorder who wrote his name. During the early days of the USA people spelled a name like it sounded to them. I have had my name spelled "Shuemake, Schumake, Schumaker, Shoemake, and Shoemaker. However, my father spelled his name Shuemake. My uncle Charles Edward spelled his name Shoemake.
It is not known why Samuel, Sr., [I] moved to South Carolina, but just prior to his moving, there was reported a tobacco tax revolt in Virginia. It is not reported that he was involved in this revolt, but may have well been. His brother Daniel is said to have moved to the Greenville, S.C. area about the same time where he raised his family. John Jr., Samuel, Jr., [II] and Blackley moved to Tennessee. Therefore, I think it is proper to look at the land grants and other documents found in Tennessee.
Early land grants were issued to individuals who performed Revolutionary services in North Carolina, including veterans, commisioners, guards, surveyors and chain carriers who laid off Congressional Reservations for soldiers' grants and the Cumberland settlers. These grants were frequently assigned to other persons and not taken up by the original grantee.
Blackley Shoemake was found in Knox County, Tennessee, in 1797 to 1808, in that part that became Anderson County in in 1801. In 1799, a Robert Shoemaker appeared next to Blackley on the tax lists. A David Shoemaker was on the Anderson County taxlists, in 1805. (Shoemaker Pioneers by Benjamin H. Shoemaker, page 391).
Blackley, William and Robert Shumake/Shuemake appear as signers in a 1799 petition of residents of Knox County, Tennessee, requesting of the General Assembly a division which would make it easier for them to attended courts and hold elections. Anderson County and Roane County were formed out of Knox County in 1801. The relationship of these men according to Mrs.Strong is not known. She does state that these men and other Shoemake/Shoemaker families were in the same general area of east Tennessee during the late 1700's and early 1800's.
Blackley and David Shoemake were listed in a petition in Anderson County in 1805. Also, Blackley, Jr., obtained a survey of 37 acres on the Beaverdam fork of New River on May 15, 1808 This David could well be the David found in Chesterfield Country, SC in 1800.
A reference to William Shoemake appears in Roane County, Tennessee records in 1801. He and James Shoemaker were among the petioner signers to create Roane County out of Knox County. Again, William Shoemaker was listed in the tax records of Roane County in 1802 along with Evan Shoemaker. In 1805 William and James were on the tax lists.
On August 17, 1814 in Roane County, William Shoemaker and Benjamin Poore were sworn chain carriers in the survey of 2 acres of land for Moses Shoemaker located on on the Crooked Fork of Emery River on the south side fork and "includes the house where William Shoemaker lives." This is now in Morgan County.
The Roane County marriage records contain an entry for Nancy Shoemaker to Benjamin Poore on June 9, 1814. Surety was Moses Shoemaker. Moses Shoemaker married Martha Williams on December 28, 1814. Surety was Benjamin Poore. (Could this Moses be the Moses who disappears from the Chesterfield County, S.C. census roll in 1820? I do not know)
Robert Shewmaker sued William Davis in Anderson County in the early 1800's.
In 1807 John Shumak (apparently John, Jr the son of John Shoemake, Sr. [I], of Chesterfield County, S.C. who appeared on the census roll in 1800). had filed a petition to build a grist mill in Roane County. On June 8,1808 John Shoemaker was a sworn chain carrier for the survey of James Wakefield's 100 acres in Roane County between Clinch and Emory Rivers. John and Moses Shoemaker were assigned 50 acres by William Shoemaker on Crooked Fork of Emory River on May 2, 1814. John Shoemaker was taxed on 25 acres as was Moses Shoemaker in 1814. In 1815 John Shoemaker was a member of the grand jury.
The records of Anderson, Roane and Knox counties in Tennessee contain more references to Shoemake/Shoemaker. In 1804, Thomas Shoemaker failed to pay his poll tax..
James Shoemaker married Sary Streat on December 7, 1801. On September 18, 1806 James Shoemaker sued William Henery for tresspass in the amount of $200. The suit was later dismissed.
David Shoemaker, Thomas Aldred and William Harris were defendants in a court case in Anderson County in 1804. Mrs. Strong states that this David may be the same David that appeared in the 1800 Federal Census of Chesterfield County, S.C. who was living near Samuel, Moses and John.
Evan Shoemaker married Eve Elliott in Knox County on April 19, 1802. We find that Evins Shoemaker bought two tracts of Land from Cincinnati Land Office in 1812 and 1813, both located in Wayne County, near Centerville, Indiana. The 1820 Federal Census of Wayne County, lists Evan Shoemaker living in Centerville over 45 years of age. Eve Shoemaker and Henry Shoemaker were appointed administrators of Evan's estate on May 17, 1821.
At this time, I would like to look at the records of Bledsoe County, Tennessee. It is said that Bledsoe County came off of Roane County in 1807. (Roane County and Anderson County were formed out of Knox County in 1801). There are no early census for East Tennessee. It is said they were destroyed in a fire. So we look to other records such as the tax lists and court records.
The Roane county taxlist for 1805 shows a James Shoemaker living there (The Shoemaker Pioneers by Benjamin H. Shoemaker 3rd.) In 1807 this would be Bledsoe County. There was a James Shoemaker in this general area who married a woman by the name of Street. It is believed that this James moved to Perry County, Tennessee.
At the time of this writing, December, 19, 1998, I do not have sufficient records to show who was a son of whom. However, through reasoning, and following the location of certain Shoemake males, along with information gathered from members of the Shoemake Family, we can make some identifications.
Observation 1. Let's begin with Blackley Shoemake. In 1790, according to Federal Census of Chesterfield County, S.C., page 378 he had in his household:
2 males 16 years and older
In the 1800 Federal Census of Chesterfield County,
Blackley is not found, but records found in Knox County, Tennessee,
1799, show him living in that county and signing a pitition. The following
Shoemake names appear on that document:
(c) In 1814, there was a John and Moses who were assigned 50 acres of land by a William Shoemaker. (John's name appears as John Shumak).
(d) In 1814 (on June 9) Moses received 2 acres of land in Roane County
(e) In 1807 John Shumak (apparently John Jr. the son of John Shoemake, Sr. [I], of Chesterfield County, S.C. that appeared on the census roll in 1800), filed a petition to build a grist mill in Roane County, Tennessee. This John could not be John Fletcher, for John F., was born in 1795 and would hardly be old enough to build a grist mill. However, this John could well be the father of John Fletcher.
(f) Roane County, Tennessee is situated South West of Knox County. Bledsoe County was formed from Roane County on November 30, 1807. A John Shoemake bought land on Walton's Ridge in 1825 in Bledsoe County, Tennessee. This could have been John Fletcher, but there is no evidence in my hand at this time.
The 1830 Census of Jackson County Alabama shows a John Shoemake living in that county. If I had to draw a conclusion, I would conclude that the John in Jackson County, Alabama was John Jr., and the John in Bledsoe County, Tennessee was John Fletcher the son of John Jr., and was later living in Marion County.
Therefore, I reason that this John who bought the land on Walden's Ridge in Bledsoe County, Tennessee. could be John Fletcher. I offer the following reason: the spelling of his name when filing a pitition for building a grist mill.was "Shumak." The name "Shumak" is more likely to be Shoemake rather than Shoemaker. It is believed that John Fletcher's father, the John who appeared in Knox County moved on to Jackson County, Alabama where he appeared on the census list in 1830. Observation 5. Having had the opportunity to talk with Richard Arthur Shoemake in 1980 who was living in Jackson County, Alabama, he told me that his ancestors who lived Bledsoe and Marion Counties, Tennessee, sold their land and built house boats and traveled down the river to Jackson County, Alabama. He was well up in years when I spoke to him. This leads me to believe that this same John Shoemake, Jr., travelled on to Jackson County, Alabama where he was living in 1830. He was recorded being 84 years of age in the 1850 census.